Métis` first self-administration agreements were signed with the federal government and are an important step towards independence and self-determination for a prominent group of Aboriginal Canadians. This document is the first sub-agreement signed on November 16, 2017 by Minister Bennett and President Poitras as part of the Framework Agreement for Reconciliation. On June 27, 2019, the Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) and the Government of Canada signed a historic Métis autonomy agreement. In this agreement, Canada recognized what the Métis have always known – that the Métis communities represented by the MNO have an intrinsic and constitutional right to self-determination and autonomy. The agreement creates for the first time a path to full and formal recognition of a Métis government in Ontario. While the hard work is far from over, this agreement is a major step forward. In the meantime, Canada has recognized that the MNO represents its Métis citizens and communities in its quest for autonomy and has agreed on a path forward. This agreement recognizes the MNO as an indigenous government and imprisons a mandate to negotiate Meti`s autonomy on the basis of this intrinsic right. To learn more about this historic agreement and the path it took to reach it, click here after decades of legal battle and failed negotiations, these agreements are a major step forward for at least some Métis communities that have long called for Ottawa to respect their indigenous rights – including hunting and fishing rights and the right to occupy their traditional territories.
While there are many people across Canada who identify as Metis, the agreements signed on Thursday and the expected agreement with Manitoba concern the Metis as defined by the Supreme Court in its 2003 Powley decision. They are people who identify as Métis and have a historical connection to one of the pre-federal Métis communities – descendants of European settlers who have associated with First Nations people – who have emerged in northwestern Ontario and on the prairies. These communities have their own culture, language and way of life, separated from First Nations and their non-Aboriginal ancestors. Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site, AB. (July 31, 2018) Today, President Audrey Poitras and Parks Canada officials signed an agreement that proposes the indigenous open-door program to the citizens of the Métis Nation of Alberta (MNA). On February 1, 2017, Alberta Métis Nation (MNA) President Audrey Poitras signed a 10-year, groundbreaking framework agreement with the Government of Alberta. This agreement is not only the longest in the history of the MNA, but also the most comprehensive. The Cooperation Agreement, which draws many of its mandates from the Daniels decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, Section 35 of the Constitution and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), sets a promising precedent for the development of Métis rights, including harvesting.
Premier Rachel Notley said: „This agreement is an important step on the road to reconciliation. Métis people have a long and proud history in Alberta, and we look forward to developing strong relationships. The conference builds on the historic signatures of the Métis Recognition and Autonomy Agreements (MGRSA) in June 2019. MGRSA is the first agreement in Canada to recognize VonMetis` inherent right to autonomy on the basis of recognition and implementation of Métis rights. Parks Canada and Métis Nation of Alberta signed the agreement of Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site, July 31 2018.De left: Dave McDonough, Executive Director, Pacific -Mountain Parks; Audrey Poitras, President of the Alberta Métis Nation; Bev New, Co-Minister, Métis Rights – Accommodation; Karen Collins, Co-Minister, Métis Right – Accommodation.